## Dominion: Card Power Levels

- September 6th, 2017
- Posted in Dominion . Tabletop Games
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This article has been a long time in the making, and it’s going to be a big one, but there is a lot of information here. Let’s get to it.

At some point on our Dominion journey we’ll all be at that point where we understand the fundamentals of the game and we’re starting to get good at the game; we come across a board and get completely destroyed by a card that seemingly came out of nowhere. Or maybe there’s a card that we see some potential in but we just can’t seem to make it work. Wouldn’t it be nice to have a general idea of the super-power cards to look out for, so we can focus on understanding them better?

A week or two ago (depending on how long it takes me to write this article) I posted on reddit, asking for people to fill out a Google form. The intent is to rate each Dominion card on a scale of 0 to 10 in terms of power level. I’ll copypasta the description below:

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Rate each Dominion card (or card-shaped-object) on a scale from 0-10, with 10 being the most powerful. The cost of the card, not just the effect, should be taken into account for your score. I have a few suggestions:

1.Your name is “required,” you can put anything there though — I’d prefer some username that I can recognize so that I can make sure submissions are unique. If you troll me, I reserve the right to not count your input ðŸ˜›

2.You can pick and choose which cards you rate — feel free to leave some cards blank if you don’t want to rate them for whatever reason.

3.If you aren’t using every number at least once (and preferably more than once) then you may want to consider adjusting your criteria so that all ratings 0-10 are actually useful.

4.You may use whatever criteria you like for your ratings, but I have a guideline that can be used as an example or a template if you would like something to get you started — the examples in parentheses are just my opinions, feel free to disagree!

0 – Adding the card would make most decks worse than adding nothing (Scout, Secret Chamber)

1 – The card almost never sees play in good decks, and when it does, its effect is marginal at best

3 – The card is not necessarily bad, but usually doesn’t play a key role in any deck; still not worth picking up some of the time

5 – The card plays a minor supporting role in many decks, or has some synergies that make it good in a few situations

7 – The card plays a support role in most decks, plays a critical role in many decks, or can be the backbone of good or mediocre decks with proper support

9 – The card is almost never ignorable, and usually plays a large role in the best decks that can be built

10 – The card warps the strategic and/or tactical landscape, causing most games to revolve around it. Ignoring or misusing the card will almost always result in a clear loss (Donate, King’s Court)

Landmarks can sort of be judged on a similar scale, kind of. Again, feel free to rate Landmarks using whatever criteria you want, but I personally would give higher scores to landmarks that are more likely to influence the strategy, tactics, and/or outcome of the game.

This may be helpful for looking up what cards do: http://wiki.dominionstrategy.com/index.php/List_of_cards

Five. I’m aware that these ratings are similar to Qvist’s cards lists, I’ve talked with him about using his data and what I’m going for here is a comparison of cards with different costs, while taking those costs into account. While his web portal supports doing a ranking of cards just like this to aid in making an ordered list by cost, the data from that unfortunately can’t be used for what I’m going for. Your participation is completely voluntary and it would really help me out. Thanks!

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The response was great! I felt I could have some useful data with 20 responses and I got about twice that. The purpose of this article is to present the data by looking at it from as many viewpoints as possible and clarifying what can actually be useful when it comes to playing games of Dominion.

Here’s a link to the raw data. The rows below the black line are each person’s submission, with their name replaced by a letter code (just in case someone didn’t want their ratings shared). Here’s a link to the Excel spreadsheet where I’m taking these screenshots from. I’m not using a Google Doc for this because Google Spreadsheets don’t support some of the features I wanted to use for presenting this data. In any case, you’re free to download a copy of that data and I encourage you to play around with it if you’d like!

So let’s talk briefly about what the data actually means. A bunch of different people rated Dominion cards using whatever criteria they felt was appropriate. My definition of what constitutes a 10/10 could be very different from someone else’s, and this fact has to be kept in mind when interpreting every result we get from the data. It can be perfectly reasonable to completely agree on a card’s power level and rate it up to two scores apart. With that said, I’ll just give you what you probably came here for, here’s the ordered list of all of the cards, sorted by mean rating.

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2 Donate

3 Mountebank

4 Chapel

5 Goons

6 Page

7 Cultist

8 Wharf

9 Ambassador

10 Peasant

11 Fortune

12 Tournament

13 Governor

14 Rebuild

15 Scrying Pool

16 Witch

17 Avanto

18 Ferry

19 Lost Arts

20 Grand Market

21 Torturer

22 Border Village

23 Inheritance

24 Minion

25 City Quarter

26 Pathfinding

27 Masquerade

28 Dominate

29 Margrave

30 Sauna

31 Overlord

32 Familiar

33 Highway

34 Wandering Minstrel

35 Steward

36 Fishing Village

37 Wild Hunt

38 Junk Dealer

39 Lost City

40 Remake

41 Villa

42 Royal Carriage

43 Ghost Ship

44 Ironmonger

45 Sentry

46 Counterfeit

47 Hunting Party

48 Upgrade

49 Keep

50 Black Market

51 Urchin

52 Crown

53 Bridge

54 Encampment

55 Groundskeeper

56 Save

57 Tomb

58 Bridge Troll

59 Plunder

60 Laboratory

61 Butcher

62 Alms

63 Museum

64 Rabble

65 Hireling

66 Swindler

67 Alchemist

68 Haggler

69 Amulet

70 Throne Room

71 Wall

72 Fortress

73 Knights

74 Count

75 Stables

76 Plaza

77 Peddler

78 Magpie

79 Gear

80 Port

81 Tactician

82 Vineyard

83 Swamp Hag

84 Jack of All Trades

85 Worker’s Village

86 Soothsayer

87 Herald

88 Wolf Den

89 Hunting Grounds

90 Bonfire

91 Legionary

92 Forager

93 Young Witch

94 Borrow

95 Bandit Camp

96 City

97 Smithy

98 Menagerie

99 Horn of Plenty

100 Lurker

101 Raze

102 Altar

103 Sacrifice

104 Training

105 Bandit Fort

106 Possession

107 Militia

108 Apprentice

109 Sea Hag

110 Spice Merchant

111 Bazaar

112 Nobles

113 Envoy

114 Coin of the Realm

115 Summon

116 Caravan

117 Haunted Woods

118 Tower

119 Orchard

120 Patrol

121 University

122 Village

123 Ratcatcher

124 Travelling Fair

125 Bustling Village

126 Council Room

127 Replace

128 Journeyman

129 Artisan

130 Hamlet

131 Marauder

132 Scheme

133 Storyteller

134 Catacombs

135 Baker

136 Moneylender

137 Hermit

138 Enchantress

139 Stonemason

140 Archive

141 Jester

142 Plan

143 Bishop

144 Trade

145 Apothecary

146 Embassy

147 Prince

148 Mining Village

149 Market Square

150 Distant Lands

151 Conspirator

152 Quarry

153 Delve

154 Forum

155 Procession

156 Dungeon

157 Ill-Gotten Gains

158 Farming Village

159 Advisor

160 Castles

161 Royal Blacksmith

162 Temple

163 Monument

164 Chariot Race

165 Salvager

166 Relic

167 Triumph

168 Festival

169 Fool’s Gold

170 Triumphal Arch

171 Outpost

172 Watchtower

173 Band of Misfits

174 Merchant Guild

175 Artificer

176 Golem

177 Seaway

178 Bank

179 Transmogrify

180 Salt The Earth

181 Remodel

182 Mountain Pass

183 Lighthouse

184 Catapult

185 Ironworks

186 Charm

187 Advance

188 Ranger

189 Walled Village

190 Market

191 Trading Post

192 Vault

193 Forge

194 Inn

195 Expedition

196 Engineer

197 Warehouse

198 Obelisk

199 Defiled Shrine

200 Mill

201 Treasury

202 Courtier

203 Wine Merchant

204 Lookout

205 Fairgrounds

206 Capital

207 Colonnade

208 Fountain

209 Emporium

210 Battlefield

211 Bandit

212 Courtyard

213 Duplicate

214 Cartographer

215 Guide

216 Squire

217 Library

218 Duke

219 Crossroads

220 Expand

221 Labyrinth

222 Treasure Trove

223 Ball

224 Palace

225 Native Village

226 Giant

227 Diplomat

228 Arena

229 Farmers’ Market

230 Mission

231 Hoard

232 Doctor

233 Basilica

234 Wedding

235 Gladiator

236 Mystic

237 Smugglers

238 Shanty Town

239 Poacher

240 Loan

241 Graverobber

242 Gardens

243 Horse Traders

244 Island

245 Pilgrimage

246 Merchant

247 Rogue

248 Cutpurse

249 Scouting Party

250 Scavenger

251 Trader

252 Windfall

253 Mint

254 Candlestick Maker

255 Caravan Guard

256 Aqueduct

257 Armory

258 Storeroom

259 Conquest

260 Patrician

261 Settlers

262 Wishing Well

263 Tunnel

264 Develop

265 Pawn

266 Oasis

267 Baron

268 Venture

269 Oracle

270 Sage

271 Miser

272 Workshop

273 Messenger

274 Secret Passage

275 Merchant Ship

276 Farmland

277 Silk Road

278 Tax

279 Ritual

280 Haven

281 Feodum

282 Vassal

283 Rats

284 Harbinger

285 Vagrant

286 Taxman

287 Royal Seal

288 Cellar

289 Death Cart

290 Harem

291 Nomad Camp

292 Pillage

293 Rocks

294 Trade Route

295 Moat

296 Talisman

297 Explorer

298 Mine

299 Tribute

300 Quest

301 Banquet

302 Feast

303 Baths

304 Contraband

305 Woodcutter

306 Embargo

307 Spy

308 Coppersmith

309 Poor House

310 Noble Brigand

311 Mandarin

312 Treasure Map

313 Stash

314 Fortune Teller

315 Raid

316 Masterpiece

317 Annex

318 Saboteur

319 Great Hall

320 Pirate Ship

321 Navigator

322 Beggar

323 Pearl Diver

324 Herbalist

325 Counting House

326 Philosopher’s Stone

327 Cache

328 Chancellor

329 Bureaucrat

330 Harvest

331 Thief

332 Adventurer

333 Secret Chamber

334 Duchess

335 Scout

336 Transmute

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So let’s be clear about what this does NOT mean. Just because Market was in 190th place and Trading Post was in 191st place, doesn’t mean that I should always buy Market over Trading Post 100% of the time whenever I have the choice — that’s ridiculous. It means that they are somewhere in the middle in terms of overall power level. That’s basically it. It can be pretty dangerous to go extrapolating from this point.

So this data is approximate. If it’s so approximate, what can we actually learn from it? Well, let’s look at the data from a few different viewpoints and see what kinds of conclusions we can draw…

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This is the top of the heap: every card you see here has the potential to be the focus of an entire strategy because it’s just so powerful. Most of the time these cards aren’t ignorable and when they are, you typically need a compelling reason for it. Especially notable are the ones towards the top with low variance: what this means is that across all different definitions of what constitutes the highest possible rating people could give, these cards fit all of them.

Also, in my personal opinion, the cards here with low variance scores are probably all worth having dedicated articles written about them.

Let’s take a look at the other end of the spectrum:

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No card in Dominion is completely useless, but it seems that these cards are about as close as they come. It’s no surprise that five out of these bottom twelve cards were removed for the second edition of Base and Intrigue. If you want to make these cards work, you’re going to either need a ton of support (such as the Travelling Fair/Counting House combo or the Herbalist/Phil Stone combo) or a very weak board so that the marginal effects and somewhat high opportunity cost of these cards is mitigated (almost all of them are terminal and the two that aren’t either require a Potion to buy or is Scout).

I’m not going to say you can always ignore these cards, so I’ll just say you can almost always ignore them and do pretty well.

Here’s a chart that will require a little bit of explanation:

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OK, first of all, what does all of this mean? So I’ve taken every card-shaped object and categorized it according to 12 things that I thought might be useful. Let me start by saying that a lot of the definitions of these things are not entirely agreed upon, so I used my own definitions. If you disagree with my choices on one or two of the cards, sorry! You’re welcome to make a copy of the data and tinker with it yourself to see how things change.

Then, I wanted to capture statistics about each type of card in isolation and compare it to the statistics about all cards. So the data at the right is the average mean, median, and variance for all Dominion cards. Looks like the average Dominion card has a 5.7 mean and 2.3 variance, so that’s the baseline we’re working with. Then, we can look at the categories and see what the differences are. The bottom section is the same data, only it’s the difference between the stats-by-category and the overall stats that we’re looking at — I just subtracted out the overall averages in case looking at those numbers is easier to digest.

So what does this all mean? A few things. First, it seems that the community believes that villages and draw cards are pretty good, and that defense cards are pretty bad. VP and Treasure cards aren’t considered powerful overall, +Buy, Attack, and Trashing cards are considered pretty powerful. Not the most useful thing because it’s so abstract, but I don’t think I’d disagree with it. The valuable thing here is that these can be used as reference points later on, for example, when we choose to look at just the victory cards — we’ll want to keep in mind that the ratings for VP cards are going to be a little more pessimistic than overall ratings, and maybe it will make more sense when we compare victory cards to one another.

The “average variance,” what does that even mean? So higher numbers here represented where the community disagreed more on how each individual card should be rated. It means that there’s less consensus on the precision of these ratings, so more is left open to interpretation. Some would consider the median of a data set more valuable than the mean when the variance is high, so that’s something to keep in mind as well.

For example, it’s pretty well agreed upon that villages and draw are pretty good. VP cards and Landmarks, on the other hand, seem a bit more difficult to judge in a consistent way.

So with that said, we can look at every category of card and see how things shake up. I’m not going to address every one of them in this article but I will address the four categories that I think will be the most instructive: Landmarks, villages, VP cards, and trashers.

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Comparing Dominion cards to Landmarks can be difficult to understand, partially because I don’t think it makes much sense to do so, so I think it’s especially useful to look at them separately. Keep in mind that the variance on Landmarks is higher than other categories of cards, so you may want to pay special attention to the median even though the cards are sorted by mean in this picture.

What can we get from this data? I see a couple of useful things. First, the bottom four Landmarks; Baths, Aqueduct, Basilica, and Arena; have some of the lower variances, so we can feel pretty good about the idea that these are four of the least impactful Landmarks around. It also looks like the top five Landmarks; Keep, Tomb, Museum, Wall, and Wolf Den; deserve a bit of a distinction as being pretty powerful.

I can’t say this for certain but I suspect that unpopular cards tend to have higher variance than normal, and this probably hurt Wall and Wolf Den in this case. Those Landmarks can be unpopular simply because they give negative VP instead of positive VP. Same thing with Bandit Fort to a lesser extent.

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The villages, or by my definition, any card that allows you to play more than one terminal action in a turn. The data for this is pretty tight, actually; variance is quite low on every card here except for Prince (which is not a conventional village by any stretch). What kind of information can we get from this list?

Let’s start by looking at the bottom of the list for the cards on the lower end. Many of them don’t draw a card, and/or don’t always give the village effect. When compared to a lot of other cards which can do those things and more, they end up on the bottom of the list. So if you’re looking for a village and all you have are those guys, you’re going to have a tougher time.

Let’s look at the top of the list; a lot of these cards will give you the village effect along with something else, and that’s what truly sets them apart. King’s Court, Page, Peasant, Border Village, City Quarter, Sauna, Wandering Minstrel, and Lost City all fit into this description: they’re good at being villages but they’re also good at something else.

So what about the cards near the top that I didn’t list? Lost Arts, Fishing Village, and Villa. Each of these cards has a unique effect that makes it so good that it appears high on this list in spite of its other potential weaknesses. Lost Arts on a terminal draw card makes drawing your deck trivial. Fishing Village gives you actions at the start of your turn, which is when they are far more useful than any other time. Villa is broken as heck because you can play it after you have zero remaining actions (among other insane interactions). These are cards to look out for.

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It can be useful to look at just the victory cards in relation to each other, mostly when assessing the potential strength of strategies that want to pursue points in this way. It’s similar to Landmarks (especially the ones where you aren’t limited to a certain number of VP) in some ways.

The variance is pretty high on almost all of these cards, so the conclusions you can draw from this data are going to be a bit fuzzier. I think it’s useful to talk about the best cards on this list that just give you points: Dominate, Vineyard, Distant Lands, Castles. These are useful on quite a few boards that they appear on. Below them on this list are mostly cards that can provide support along side other methods of scoring points in the right situations.

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Trashing cards is really good. Not all trashing cards are created equal. Many cards aren’t very good at trashing other cards and for that reason, they appear towards the bottom of this list. I think Forge and lower on this list are good cards to keep an eye on, since they all are either very slow, or somewhat ineffective at removing bad cards from your deck in many circumstances.

Similar to villages, looking at the top of this list can be instructive because many of the cards the top are there because they’re either really good at trashing, or they do something else besides trash cards.

Ambassador, Governor, Inheritance, Masquerade, Sauna, Steward, Remake, Sentry, Counterfeit, Upgrade, Urchin, and Butcher all give great auxiliary benefits.

Donate, Chapel, Ambassador, Steward, and Remake are all really good at trashing cards. Of note are the three cards that appear on both of these lists.

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Finally the “fun” chart. If I showed you the lowest variance cards, it would look like a combination of the top and bottom cards — it seems that those cards are easier to agree on. On the other hand, these are the cards that have generated the most disagreement.

What does it mean? It means that the ratings on these cards are most likely to be inaccurate. It means that they’re the most likely to be talked about. Several cards on this list have a min score of 0 and a max score of 10 — how does that even happen? I think the main takeaway for me is that if anyone tries to write an article on any of these cards, or claim to have them “all figured out,” I’m going to be extra skeptical of them. It doesn’t mean they don’t know what they’re talking about, but a little extra healthy scrutiny would seem appropriate to me.

By the way, my next article will be about Possession. Just kidding.

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So I’ve presented the data and given some different viewpoints on it. This article is already long enough so I’m going to stop it here, but there’s still quite a bit more to do with this stuff. Discussions about the rankings and about individual cards in relation to these rankings are easy and fun to have.

I think if I write more card articles, I’ll start at the top of the list and pick cards I feel comfortable with. Also, I plan to make a video in the near future about cards I rated differently enough from the community average that it’s worth talking about. I’ll take a closer look and see if maybe I got it wrong, or if I want to double down and say I have some insight that the community just isn’t seeing. Guess which one there will be more of?

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